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Water Resource Management in the Touran Biosphere Reserve “Rescue Thirsty Wildlife”
Water Resource Management in the Touran Biosphere Reserve “Rescue Thirsty Wildlife”

We are currently facing major crisis in the Iranian desert habitats due to drought, over- grazing of livestock, poaching, habitat fragmentation and other adverse environmental factors. Touran Biosphere Reserve, as one of the last hopes for the conservation of the Asiatic cheetah, has also suffered from these factors in recent years. The presence of livestock, poaching and other human pressures, in addition to consecutive droughts have caused many vital springs to dry out in this area. Long hot summers and the absence of reliable and permanent water resources have made survival for many species, mainly herbivores, difficult – ultimately leading to a population decline and in some cases local-extinction. The decline of herbivores will have a direct impact on the population of carnivores such as the cheetah.

With the help of the local rangers, we began our water resource management efforts in Touran Biosphere Reserve in the summer of 2016 [1395].  In consultation with the rangers, we first identified the critical locations that were affected by the drought. In these regions, we provided assistance in the restoration of the water sources and installation and construction of water troughs that could consistently provide water without needing to be replenished by water trucks. After compiling data on the specifications of the sources, a field study was done on the physical conditions and quality of the water.  Based on this information, we prioritized the sources that needed to be restored.

The activities completed to-date in collaboration with rangers and local communities in the area include:

  • The revival of a total of five water sources in the Touran Biosphere Reserve and two in Miandasht Wildlife Refuge.
  • In connection with the five water sources of Touran, four water troughs as well as three tanks were installed.
  • Badeh Spring: Digging deep into the spring using a Excavator to reach water lying at a deeper ground, covering the source, and construction of the water trough (Done by rangers).
  • Mashti (Abbasgholi) Well: Dredging, installation of water tanks, construction of a protective chamber for the tanks, construction and operation of a water trough.
  • Tabari Well: Installing a water tank, construction of a protective chamber for the tanks, construction and operation of a water trough, dredging and covering the mouth of the well.
  • Agha Khan Well: Installing a water tank, construction of a protective chamber for the tanks.
  • Varhani Fountain: Dredging, construction of a water trough.
  • Feriz and Qasem-Ali wells: Repair and commissioning of two wind pumps, dredging wells by local staff (at the request of Conservation of Asiatic Cheetah Project based on cooperation agreement for the water resource management of Miandasht Wildlife Refuge).

List of Future Programmed Actions:

  • Procurement, design and installation of solar water pumping systems for installed tanks.
  • Feasibility study and consultation with the owner of the ranch with regards to installing the tank and water trough in Hossein-Ali well in Torud area.
  • Mapping and identification of water resources gap and planning accordingly.
  • Feasibility study on installing a water trough and tank in the Abbas-Abad protection zone.
  • Restoring the springs and wells in Delbar protection zone.

During the process of the project, we became more aware of the importance and critical condition of the water resources. We hence considered undertaking some extra activities to save Touran’s thirsty wildlife. Therefore, we started surveying and identifying of new points for trough construction. We need your support to be able to continue our efforts in improving water resources before hot seasons.

The total of the estimated amount needed for this campaign: 28 million Tomans ($7000[1]). 3 million Tomans ($750) were later added to this amount after reconstructing the wells of Miandasht.

Fund raised to this day: 21 million Tomans ($5250)

Remaining amount needed: 7 million Tomans ($1750)
Fund needed for the reconstruction of 3 new points: 7 million Tomans ($1750)

Total amount needed: 14 million Tomans ($3500)

 

Please use the following information for your kind contributions:

Bank Card Number of the Persian Wildlife Heritage Foundation: 6221-0610-8000-2522, Parsian Bank.

Telephone numbers: 021-88319210 or 09133937970 (Hamed Abolghasemi).

#Rescue_Thirsty_Wildlife

[1] Exchange rate: $1= 4000 Tomans